Under the green packaging of the most developed co

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Green packaging in developed countries (Part 2)

if the packaging waste is pre sorted by category, the collection cost will be reduced. According to the regulations, only 10% of the total recycled materials can not be mixed, but at present it reaches 20%. For this reason, DSD will spend an additional 900million German marks every year to reduce this proportion, and provide users with collection containers free of charge in order to reduce the mixture


the Japanese government drafted the energy protection and promotion recycling law in 1992, which came into effect in June 1993. Before that, 72% of Japan's packaging waste was incinerated as energy. The law emphasizes the need to produce recyclable packaging products and selectively collect recyclable packaging waste. If the error is within 1%, the implementation effect of the law is good. 97% of the glass wine bottles and 81% of the rice wine bottles were recycled, and a plant with an annual capacity of 1000 tons of recycled plastics was built. In order to improve the recycling rate of packaging waste, the government followed the example of Europe and put forward on the basis of the "polluter pays" principle in april1995: consumers are responsible for classifying packaging waste, and the municipal government is responsible for collecting classified packaging waste. Huangrongxun needs to spend a lot of energy to communicate and reconcile with customers, and private enterprises will reprocess packaging waste after obtaining the approval of the government

in the Canada

packaging waste recycling project, the "blue box" activity has its own characteristics in Canada. It was first proposed by a city in Ontario in 1983. Tinplate cans, glass bottles, newspapers, aluminum cans and plastics collected by residents are put into blue plastic boxes or plastic bags by categories. 10million people collect and classify 460000 tons of packaging waste, with an average of 46 kg of waste collected by each resident. At present, the "blue box" campaign combines the interests of the local government, the packaging industry and the provincial government, and is likely to achieve greater success in Canada

other European countries

Austria, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and other countries have promulgated and implemented relevant classification regulations to address the impact of packaging waste on the environment

a trademark of the Austrian recycling organization in punkert. Companies that want to use this trademark must obtain a license. In 1994, there were more than 8300 licensees, and the license cost was as high as 2.5 billion Austrian shillings. Austrian citizens have a strong awareness of environmental protection, and 50% of them consciously and seriously classify packaging wastes in their homes according to the packaging regulations. 7.2 million people participated in the collection of glass packaging waste. Household waste decreased by 10% in large cities and 25% in small cities and villages. In 1993, the recycling of mineral water bottles and beer bottles reached 97%, exceeding the recycling target in 2000. The "eco box" is used in the recycling of beverage and milk containers. Consumers can obtain this "eco box" free of charge at the recycling station, post and telecommunications offices and other places. It can hold 80 folded beverage boxes, which are filled and sent to the recycling station. The eco bag is sent to the residents' homes for free and then taken away

Belgian law stipulates that all paper packages in direct contact with food shall be exempted from tax. If there is a written description that the beverage can starts the experimental machine to test the container and has been reused for 7 times, the tax shall be exempted, and the rest shall be subject to "ecological tax". The "green dot" trademark printed on the packaging materials indicates that such packaging is related to the special collection, classification and recycling system in terms of funds. If a company wants to have the right to use the "green dot" trademark, it must pay a special license fee, which is related to the packaging materials and weight, and is determined by the "material chain deficit". The material chain includes all users of a material. Therefore, each packaging material actually has a material chain, and the "material chain deficit" is calculated by deducting the bonus from the reduction of packaging waste and the sale of classified packaging waste from all the expenses required for the collection and classification of packaging materials

71% of household waste in Denmark becomes the fuel for power plants. As early as 19, Denmark formulated the packaging regulations to improve the safety, performance and cycle life of lithium nickel cobalt manganate/lithium nickel cobalt aluminate, lithium rich manganese based materials and silicon carbon composite negative electrode materials for 75 years. Now the recycling of packaging waste has been put in the first place, and the energy generated by incineration has been reduced to the second place

China's per capita resource share is far lower than that of developed countries. As a developing country, it is necessary and necessary to put the implementation of "green packaging" in an important position, develop new green packaging materials from the perspective of recycling packaging materials, facilitating treatment and reducing pollution, and strengthen environmental work through strengthening legislation

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